Diffuse Pigmentation: Is it Common for different skins?

Is Diffuse Pigmentation Normal?

 

Is your diffuse pigmentation normal? If you’re wondering, there are some important things to know about what normal means in the context of skin pigmentation in the first place. Pigmentation is natural and common and can be seen in all races of people, though it may be more prevalent in some groups than others.

What is physiologic pigmentation?

Physiologic pigmentation is a condition in which an individual has normal pigment. This type of pigmentation does not stem from illness, medications, or exposure to metals. When it comes to these types of pigmentations, the degree of pigmentation is within a normal range for the individual. The word normal can be used broadly because it differs among individuals. Physiologic pigmentation may have a systemic cause such as Addison’s disease, hyperthyroidism, or hemochromatosis.

What do I do if I have this issue?

Diffuse hyperpigmentation may have a systemic cause or a benign, localized cause. If diffuse hyperpigmentation is due to a systemic cause, such as Addison’s disease or hemochromatosis, you should see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. If diffuse hyperpigmentation is due to a benign local cause such as sun exposure, then you can try the following to lighten the area:

1) Avoid sun exposure

2) Apply sunscreen with an SPF of 30+ year round

Can my aesthetician treat this problem?

What you may need is a dermatologist. If diffuse hyperpigmentation has a systemic cause, you should see a dermatologist. The most common causes of diffuse hyperpigmentation are thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism or hemochromatosis. A dermatologist can help you manage these conditions and get your pigment back to normal.

What can be done at home to treat this condition?

To keep hyperpigmentation under control, use a skin care regimen that includes a broad-spectrum sunscreen, exfoliating twice weekly with a gentle scrub (such as the Clinique Gentle Scrub), and using an SPF moisturizer with antioxidants. If you are prone to breakouts, treat acne with benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid; if dryness is your concern, try jojoba oil or shea butter. In addition, you may want to take oral supplements such as Vitamins A and C.

Are there any additional treatments you can recommend for me?

Diffuse hyperpigmentation may have a systemic cause. The treatments that are most frequently used are topical corticosteroids, hydroquinone, and light therapy (phototherapy). Topical corticosteroids can be used as an anti-inflammatory agent to reduce the redness. Hydroquinone has been shown to help with hyperpigmented skin by blocking the production of melanin. Phototherapy can be done in a physician’s office or at home with sunlight or specialized equipment. It is important to remember that if you use light therapy, it should not be used for more than 20 minutes per day.

What are the 3 types of hyperpigmentation?

The three types of hyperpigmentation are Epidermal Hyperpigmentation, Dermal Hyperpigmentaton, and mixed hyperpigmentation.

Epidermal Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces an overabundance of melanin. It is a localized condition and is usually triggered by sun exposure or a hormone imbalance.

Dermal Hyperpodermation is caused by an increase in the thickness of the basal layer in the epidermis which leads to more production of melanin. This type of pigmentation can be caused by aging, inflammation, or genetics.

Is pigmentation cancerous?

Usually, diffuse pigmentation is not a cancerous disease. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. If you have a large area of skin discoloration that includes redness or ulcerations, you should see your physician right away. It could be an indication of skin cancer or melanoma.

What is the best treatment for pigmentation on face?

The best treatment for a person with diffuse pigmentation is to find the cause. This can be difficult because there are many different causes for diffuse pigmentation. Some of the most common causes are inflammatory conditions, liver disease, hormonal dysfunction, and thyroid dysfunction. If you know the cause, it’s easier to treat the underlying issue rather than just focusing on the symptom of the skin discoloration.

What are the warning signs of melanoma?

A warning sign of melanoma is a change in the size, shape, color, or elevation of a mole. If the mole starts to itch or change appearance and you notice more than one new mole on your skin, those are signs to go see a doctor. The most important part of prevention is to be familiar with the look of your own body and know what is normal for you.

Knowing about these warning signs can help you detect changes in moles so that they can be monitored and/or removed before it’s too late.

What is the fastest way to get rid of pigmentation?

The fastest way to get rid of pigmentation is with laser treatments. These treatments are more effective the closer to the skin surface the dark spots are. They work by using pulsed light waves to break up and remove pigment cells, which can make skin lighter or even clear it up completely. Other treatments include topical creams, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion.

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