Sting energy drink the consumption of energy drink has dramatically grown in recent years. Along with athletes, teenagers as well as students make up the top users. But, their popularity is growing in the younger and older generations. The majority of users think they. A great source of energy in a hurry. Not aware of its excessive caffeine levels. Which can have negative consequences for health.
We present the story of a child who developed high blood pressure and palpitations due to the consumption of energy drinks. He was drinking an “Sting” energy drink on a daily basis during his studies for long hours for exams. O’ level Exams. Medical examinations found Sinus Tachycardia and elevated blood pressure. The rest of the exam and laboratory workups were within normal parameters. His blood pressure and pulse were back to normal after he stopped Sting use.
Many studies have documented various health risks, such as cardiac-related effects that are that are associated with energy drinks. A warning label should be placed on these drinks to regulate the caffeine content and its negative impact on health.
Since the launch of Red Bull, the current global leader in energy drinks, first introduced by Austria in 1987, and then in the United States in 1997, the market for energy drinks has seen an enormous growth. Drinking energy drinks has become a regular routine among high school athletes and students. A survey of students at colleges in the Central Atlantic region of United States 51% had consumed at the very least one energy drink within the past month 11. A study in the field of Pre Examination stress in second year students at Dow Medical college, from Pakistan found that 38.94 percent of students had increased intake in the form of Caffeine as well as energy drink in order to manage stress 22.
The majority of people are not aware of the synergistic effects of Caffeine together with other components in energy drinks, and neither are they aware of the amount of Caffeine in different brands. These drinks are appealing especially for our teenage males and are readily available in the local market, major supermarkets gas stations, bars, as well as food court at shopping malls. There are many kinds of energy drinks that are available throughout Pakistan are Sting, Red bull, Power Horse, Gold Street, Firer Horse etc.
Read more : how late is the closest grocery store open
We present the case of a the boy of 16 years, who went to Aga Khan University Hospital family physician clinic complaining of palpitations that lasted off and on for the past week. He also took his blood pressure readings during the last one week. His readings were within the range 140-160/ 100-100 millimeters Hg. Prior to that, his blood pressures have always been in the normal range. His medical history showed that he consumed 80 to 100 cans of “Sting” Energy drink over the past two weeks and about 3 cans a day, as he was working towards his O’ level Exams. The rest of his story was insignificant. The examination revealed a normal pulse of 110/min, and a B.P that was 150/95mm Hg.
There was no radiofemoral delays or kidney bruits. The rest of the general and systemic examination was normal. The tests were conducted to rule out any secondary factors that cause hypertension. CBC, FBS, Lipids Cr, Na+, Cr K+, UDR TSH VMA levels, and ECG was all found to be within the normal levels. He was advised to refrain from drinking energy drinks and to keep track of your blood pressure. His blood pressure levels were normal, and his palpitations were resolved within two weeks after stopping energy drinks consumption.
“Energy beverages” are drinks that have caffeine, taurine Guarana, vitamins supplements from herbs, as well as sugar 44. They are typically marketed to boost performance, energy and focus spans. Energy drinks are constantly expanding and the worldwide consumption of energy drinks is growing by 55.
According to self-report studies according to self report surveys, energy beverages have been consumed by 30-50 percent of adolescents or young adults. They are offered in approximately 140 countries around the world including Pakistan and Pakistan. 66. In the world, young adults, particularly athletes and students are among the main target of the campaigns run by companies that sell energy drinks. They are commonly used by sportsmen prior to competing in order to boost their performance 77. They are used by a significant number of students particularly while working on Exams to help manage stress.
Read more : art of zoo
A survey of 496 college students in the Central Atlantic region of Unites States 51% of respondents said they had consumed at the very least one energy drink during the past month. The study found that 67% of them used to sleep more and 65% were using it to get rid of energy and 54% of them drank to drink alcohol at celebrations.
is the most substance in many energy drinks. its concentration is about three times the amount found in cola drinks , but it can be up to 5 times because of additional ingredients such as guarana, cocoa, and kola nuts 88. Guarana is a plant which contains theobromine, caffeine and theophylline, which are both ionotropes and chronotropes Ionotropes and chronotropes respectively. 66. The doses of caffeine present in energy drinks range between 80 and 300 mg in a 240-ml serving. But, certain brands are available in 700 or 500 milliliter sizes, which increase the likelihood of consumption of caffeine in the form of 88.
The FDA controls the quantity of caffeine found in soft drinks in accordance with a maximum dose and also demands that warnings be included on all over-the-counter stimulant medicines, but energy drinks aren’t subject to the same restrictions, even although they do contain a greater levels of caffeine 33. The brand “Sting” that our test subject was consumed, is the version that we have in our local stores, and the 500ml (2 serving) bottle has the ingredients listed on the label, which includes caffeine.
Syndrome in Diagnostic
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) as well as the International Classification Diseases(ICD-10) (ICD-10) 99. Consuming excessive amounts of caffeine has been shown to cause negative health effects. A study pilot conducted with healthy 18-45-year-old normal, non-smoking, normotensive subjects showed that a single day of energy drinks increased the mean daytime and 24-hour blood pressure, compared to the control of caffeine 1010. Similar research that was conducted on 15 people in the age 18-40 revealed that the consumption of two containers of energy drink a day for a week increased the heart’s rate to about 5-7 beats per minute, and systolic blood pressure rose by 10 mm Hg 11]. The two studies mentioned above prove that the consumption of energy drinks in excess can cause hypertension as we saw in our case.
Cardiac arrest was recorded in a 28-year-old athlete who had consumed an excessive amounts of energy drinks that contained caffeine 1212. Three cases of sudden onset seizures were recorded in adults who suffered from hypertension and tachycardia that did not return following abstinence on energy beverages for a couple of months 1313. Death has also been reported in four cases of the consumption of excessive amounts of energy drinks 88. A double-blind research study on endurance-trained participants discovered that the original REDBULL beverage containing taurine improves the cardiac contractility.
These drinks are typically consumed by adolescents and children before sporting events and the combination of diuresis and sweating can result in severe dehydration . In Pakistan as well, a lot of adolescents and children drink them prior to and following sports activities to increase their energy levels. The majority of them are ignorant of their ingredients and the negative effects they have since there is no specific labeling of warnings about their health. The case we presented was unaware that “Sting” contained caffeine, and its negative health consequences.
Energy drinks are typically produced by companies that focus on young people who are easily enticed to drink energy drinks after having seen numerous appealing advertising campaigns on television as well as in magazines and newspapers Regulations for energy drinks, including their content warnings and labels, can differ across different countries. USA has the least strict regulations, and is also the biggest market for these beverages. In the absence of any regulations, it has led to a brisk advertising of energy drinks 33. There is also no oversight in Pakistan on the sale, import and content regulations for these drinks.
There are many false impressions that are prevalent in society regarding the beneficial and harmful consequences that energy drink. There is a pressing need to raise awareness via health education about these drinks , particularly among children who are constantly exposed to a wide variety of energy drinks and are easily available on the drinks market. Additionally, there is a pressing need for legislation requiring mandatory disclosure of the exact caffeine content in these drinks, and with a clear health warnings regarding possible dangers to health. Health warnings should also be included in commercials on TV and printed media ads.